$8.95. Rusty patched bumble bee feeding on wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)Photo Kim Mitchell; USFWS . Check HERE to see which are native and which are non-native. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 2½–4' tall, branching frequently in the upper half. rubra A. Monarda fistulosa with Hyles lineata. The essential oil of Monarda fistulosa was analyzed using mass spectrometry and arithmetical retention indices, and was found to contain p-cymene (32.5%), carvacrol (24.0%), thymol (12.6%), an aliphatic aldehyde (6.3%), the methyl ether of carvacrol (5.5%), α-pinene (3.5%), β-pinene (2.9%), sabinene hydrate (1.9%), α-terpinene (1.7%), citronellyl acetate (1.6%), and β-caryophyllene (1.1%). Monarda fistulosa is a wide-ranging North American plant that thrives in all but the wettest soils. Fragaria vesca, commonly called woodland strawberry, is a small-fruited, everbearing wild strawberry that is native to Europe and Asia.Varieties of the species are found in North America both naturally and as introduced. Each cluster is about 1.5 in (4 cm) long, containing about 20–50 flowers. 4 b), in a manner similar to how they had interacted to affect E . Photo by Karen Holding Blackland prairies are found in Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama. up to 1.2m, spread 45cm. Hardyplants Location: MN Best used in a native or wild flower garden because the plants are highly susceptible to mildew starting early during their flowering period. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. (Wood,1997), It is listed as historical in Rhode Island. = 2, 12, P = 0.009) ( Fig. Monarda fistulosa L. ssp. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda_fistulosa&oldid=978716163, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 15:01. Wild bergamot Monarda fistulosa Marsh cinquefoil Potentilla palustris Cup plant Silphium perfoliatum Tall meadowrue Thalictrum dasycarpum Blue vervain Verbena hastate Ironweed Vernonia fasciculate Culver’s root Veronicastrum virginicum Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes: Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii Canada blue-joint grass Calamagrostis cansdensis Family: Lamiaceae. Native to the entire continental United States, with the exception of California and Hawaii, Wild Bergamot is an easy to grow perennial that mixes effortlessly with other summer blooming natives such as Swamp Milkweed. Monarda fistulosa is an herbaceous perennial that grows from slender creeping rhizomes, thus commonly occurring in large clumps. versity differ from biome to biome? Some are endangered. It is a clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. Lilac flowers surrounded by mauve bracts with a pink tinge. A clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. This wild variation of Wild Bergamot comes from the American Plains and has a distinct lemony aroma. The plant is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a common Missouri native perennial which occurs statewide in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. (Dunford, 2007; Dunford, 2009; Wilson, 1969)Economic Importance for Humans: Negative. Blooming for weeks from mid summer to early fall, they rest upon a whorl of decorative whitish bracts. Explain your answer. It likes sunny locations, but will grow in partial shade. Genus: Monarda. [citation needed]. The plants are typically up to 3 ft (0.9 m) tall, with a few erect branches. Summary. Each flower head is subtended by (rests upon) a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy bracts. This species has good mildew resistance, however. This beebalm bears deep green aromatic leaves on strong square stems. DESCRIPTION IN-STOCK ORDERS SHIP THE NEXT BUSINESS DAY VIA THE US POST OFFICE. Plants need good air circulation. Find Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) online at Jekka's. Monarda, commonly known as bee balm, has been a popular garden perennial for many years.Most of the selections currently available to gardeners are hybrids of two species native to the eastern United States, Monarda didyma (scarlet bee balm) and Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot). The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Wild Bergamot Bee Balm Monarda Fistulosa is a perennial herb that belongs to the mint family. Grazing and time since fire interacted to affect L . Monarda didyma tends to jump up and slap you with the intensity of its color and size of bloom, fistulosa is much more restrained and adds a softness to the garden, Positive: On Jul 14, 2017, Uncbuck wrote: I have this species, Monarda fistulosa, as well as three other hybrid varieties in my perennial gardens. Its leaves are about 2-3 in (5–8 cm) long, lance-shaped, and toothed. Deadhead flowers to prolong summer bloom. Family: mint (Lamiaceae) Gray – wild bergamot Subordinate Taxa. Minimum Size: 3.5" x 3.5" (16.8 floz/496 ml) Buy more and save! Iowa is home to one of North America's most amazing biomes! Moderately xeric once established. (USDA PLANTS Databse, 2016) It is generally found in open areas such open woodlands, prairies, fields, and roads. Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of fragrant, lilac-purple, tubular flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads, 2-3 in. Availability: Coming Soon. Monarda is in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and is a perennial from Zones 4 – 9. It is a larval host to the hermit sphinx, orange mint moth, and raspberry pyrausta.[20]. White bergamot (Monarda clinopodia) looks similar, but the flowers are very pale, and the bracts tinted with white. This magic herb is ruled by Venus, like many in the mint family, and it is wonderful for love magic. It was used most commonly to treat colds, and was frequently made into a tea. (The Herb Society, 2012) Climate and elevation range Low to mid-range elevations Local habitat and abundance It prefers semi-shaded to full sun. 5. Review the description of Monarda fistulosa from Procedure Steps 6 and 7 in your student notebook. Fish and Wildlife Service listed the rusty patched bumble bee as … The light green stems are four-angled and hairless. Herb: Wild Bergamot Latin name: Monarda fistulosa Family: Labiatae Medicinal use of Wild Bergamot: Wild bergamot was often employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints, but especially those connected with the digestive system. Rust can also be a problem. Dry ground and humid air greatly increase the chances and severity of mildew. Suggested Use: Herb, Naturalize, Rain Garden, Flower: Showy, Fragrant, Good Cut, Good Dried, Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Black Walnut. Varieties include: One authority states that Native Americans recognized four kinds of wild bergamot that had different odors. pycnostachya flowering stem density ( F = 7.09, d.f. [16], Wild bergamot was considered a medicinal plant by many Native Americans including the Menominee, the Ojibwe, and the Winnebago (Ho-Chunk). 6. Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a native perennial that occurs in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. The most dominant variety of vegetation found in grasslands, the grass species differ from each other in terms of appearance, size, color, family, etc. The Monarda fistulosa has not been harmed by those, so far at least. Monarda fistulosa, also commonly called Bee Balm or Horse-Mint, has a lovely violet blossom and distinctively aromatic foliage. Provides color and contrast for the herb garden, wild garden, native plant garden, meadow or naturalized area. Aromatic, slightly toothed, hairy green leaves. The lavender tubular flowers are a very popular nectar source, attracting a wide variety of bees and butterflies. Product Type: Plants. Wild bergamot often grows in rich soils in dry fields, thickets, and clearings, usually on limy soil. Like all frogs, it needs to keep its skin moist. Some of the varieties are geographically widespread, and others are quite restricted in their ranges. Each cluster is about 1.5 in (4 cm) long, containing about 20–50 flowers. Monarda fistulosa ranges from Quebec to the Northwest Territories and British Columbia, south to Georgia, Texas, Arizona, Idaho, and northeastern Washington. Monarda didyma, beebalm or Oswego tea, and Monarda fistulosa, wild bergamot, are the most commonly cultivated of the 16 species native to North America. Self sows and spreads underground via rhizomes. across (5-7 cm). This plant has no children Legal Status. Long summer bloom period.Genus name honors Nicholas Monardes (1493-1588), physician and botanist of Seville.Specific epithet means hollow like a pipe. The plants g… [19], As a honey plant, it is popular with a variety of pollinators, including bees, hummingbirds, and lepidoptera. Its compact flower clusters are solitary at the ends of branches. The species of Monarda that may go under the common name "bee balm," including M. fistulosa, have a long history of use as a medicinal plant by Native Americans, including the Blackfoot. It has the mint family’s trademark – square stems and opposite leaves. $8.50. Speyeria aphrodite adults may benefit humans by pollinating wildflowers and other plants of interest. Today’s cultivars come in a range of colors including white, red, purple, and many shades in between. Numerous types of weeds, grain grasses, sedges, rushes, and reeds grow in these wild plains. Monarda fistulosa, also known as wild bergamot, bee balm, wild oregano or horse mint, provides an explosion of lavender flowers that will look like mini-fireworks in your garden. Hummingbirds may also visit. Best grown in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Both plants have aromatic leaves. 1760 A.D. Monarda fistulosa L. The leafy bracts under the flowerheads are often tinted with lavender. The Wichita Mountains form of Monarda fistulosa is a wildflower gem blooming in mid-summer with a fabulous display of lavender-pink flowers that attract hummingbirds. [citation needed] Bee balm is the natural source of the antiseptic thymol, the primary active ingredient in modern commercial mouthwash formulas. SKU # P6025 . 6+ $8.95. Powdery mildew can be a significant problem with the monardas, particularly in crowded gardens with poor air circulation. December 5, 2019. Bee Balm seeds can be started indoors before last frost or directly outdoors. While in the perennial border these lovely plants produce a mass of mauve-purple blooms (even in their first year from an early sowing) and have uniquely scented foliage. The Biome in your Backyard. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant 30-36" tall x 18-24" wide (seed propagated). 2015). Monarda fistulosa . Tolerates somewhat poor soils and some drought. 3-5. Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm,[1] is a wildflower in the mint family (Lamiaceae) widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. Monarda fistulosa, also known as Bergamot is famed for its medicinal qualities. wild bergamot. [citation needed] A tea made from the plant was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. May be used in the perennial border, but is simply a less colorful selection than the similar-in-appearance Monarda didyma and its many cultivars (the beebalms). Although Speyeria aphrodite pollinates some wildflowers and other plants that are of interest to humans, the butterfly also may pollinate invasive … They are underlain by calcareous bedrock that weathers to produce sticky, slightly alkaline soils that are often dark in color. This is a compact, stemless, 4-8” tall plant that spreads indefinitely by runners that root as they go. Try adding some to your bath for love spells. [2] This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. $8.95. The aromatic leaves are often used in teas. This deer-proof, North American native perennial will attract a plethora of pollinators with its lavender-pink blossoms over a long summer bloom period. The opposite leaves are broadly lanceolate to ovate, and vary in color from light green to … 100% Guaranteed! Noteworthy Characteristics. Native to most of North America, it often is cited for its historical medicinal applications among indigenous peoples. In late July, flowering stems of L . Habitat- Able to thrive in both sun and part- shade, Monarda fistulosa can be found in a variety of habitats. In which other biome could Monarda fistulosa most likely be found? The U.S. The Blackfoot recognized the plant's strong antiseptic action, and used poultices of the plant for skin infections and minor wounds. Beyond N. sativa, thymoquinone has been reported in high concentration in other plants such as Monarda fistulosa (Helena et al. pycnostachya were found in all four replicate pastures of each treatment. Bloom Time- Monarda fistulosa usually begins blooming on Ozarkedge in mid-May and lasts until about the end of June. (Monarda fistulosa) General Information Cultural Requirements Native Range Plant Rating Plant Reviews General Information. Grasslands often have Inconspicuous flowers and most of the grasses are in the Poaceae family. piperita, Monarda fistulosa, Allium proliferum, and . Close-up of Monarda fistulosa with honeybee exclusion netting in place. The lavender tubular flowers are a very popular nectar source, attracting a wide variety of bees and butterflies. ... Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) The flowers of this plant are a favorite of hummingbirds, and its scented leaves can be used to make tea! $8.75. Today, many families still use wild bergamot during the cold and flu season. In summer, plants are topped by showy rounded clusters of fragrant lavender tubular flowers. The inflorescence of monarda fistulosa is quite distinctive; a spherical cluster of between 20 and 50 tubular, pink/purple flowers, each around 1.15 inches in length, opening about half way along to a straight upper lip, protruding stamens and a three-lobed lower lip, curved downwards. [18] Leaves were eaten boiled with meat and a concoction of the plant was made into hair pomade. Flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The best bee balm you can grow, making it so valuable for our native pollinators. Economic Importance for Humans: Positive. Naturalist Stef. Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot This member of the mint family got its name because of the similarity of its scent to bergamot, which is used to flavor Earl Grey tea. A clump-forming, mint family member that grows typically to 2-4' tall. It is not the same Bergamot used in Earl Grey Tea. M. fistulosa can reach five feet tall in the Plains of North America, with M. didyma about three feet tall. Fact Sheet Rusty Patched Bumble Bee (Bombus affinis)PDF Version . Wild bergamot often grows in rich soils in dry fields, thickets, and clearings, usually on limy soil. Don't kill our native thistles on the Front Range. Common names are from state and federal lists. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Dickinson T, Metsger D, Bull J, Dickinson R. (2004) The ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario, Toronto:ROM Museum, p. 293. Caragana arborescens (F. arundinacea, ... to increase n utrient cycling and provoke a spatial var iation in the soil micro biome between the row . Clumps of attractive grey-green foliage may darken as the air chills come autumn. The plants generally flower from June to September.[4]. FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Monarda fistulosa is a sturdy perennial wildflower that expands to form upright clumps. M. fistulosa can be found across the U.S. except in Alaska, California, and Florida. fistulosa var. Species name: common name with scientific (Latin) name in parentheses; "L." following scientific name designates a species named by Linnaeus circa. [citation needed] Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to treat excessive flatulence. The herb is considered an active diaphoretic (sweat inducer). Monarda fistulosa is a wide-ranging North American plant that thrives in all but the wettest soils. The corolla has a covering of very fine, short hairs. Its compact flower clusters are solitary at the ends of branches. It is a familiar component of prairie and savanna communities on all but the wettest of soils. Parmelia and Xanthoparmelia Lichens, repurposed [photo credit] Other Information About Colorado's Native Plants and Ecosystems. Monarda fistulosa is an herbaceous perennial that grows from slender creeping rhizomes, thus commonly occurring in large clumps. Monarda fistulosa. The plants of the Meadow Garden blend the art of horticulture with the science of ecology, providing a tapestry of texture and color that shifts with the seasons. Hummingbirds may also visit. Several varieties have been variously recognized within Monarda fistulosa, of which some have also been treated as subspecies or as distinct species. Its leaves are about 2-3 in (5–8 cm) long, lance-shaped, and toothed. [3] The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized within it. Monarda fistulosa in peak bloom in woodland habitat May 29. It is not as tolerant of dry conditions as Monarda fistulosa, which grows Monarda fistulosa, commonly called wild bergamot, is a common Missouri native perennial which occurs statewide in dryish soils on prairies, dry rocky woods and glade margins, unplanted fields and along roads and railroads. Tends to self-seed. Hardy herbaceous perennial, Ht. The Winnebago used a tea made from bee balm as a general stimulant. fistulosa flowering stem density. Cyclorana platycephala is a frog that is found in Australia. The plants are typically up to 3 ft (0.9 m) tall, with a few erect branches. Beebalm grows naturally in rich woodlands, in thickets and along streams throughout the eastern United States. The tea may be sweetened with honey, as it tends to be quite strong.[17]. Lavender, two-lipped, tubular flowers appear in dense, globular, solitary, terminal heads atop square stems. The toothed, aromatic, oblong, grayish-green leaves (to 4") may be used in teas. Read our guarantee. Beebalm bears deep green aromatic leaves on strong square stems and 7 in your student notebook perennial from 4... The tea may be sweetened with honey, as it tends to be quite strong. 17. Peak bloom in woodland habitat may 29 for our native thistles on the Front range monarda fistulosa biome needs to keep skin. N'T kill our native pollinators is cited for its fragrance, and 16.8 ml! Such open woodlands, in a variety of bees and butterflies in student..., orange mint moth, and it is a perennial from Zones 4 – 9 component of and! Kinds of wild bergamot ( Monarda clinopodia ) looks similar, but will in... This deer-proof, North American native perennial will attract a plethora of pollinators its! Was made into a tea made from Bee balm is the natural of. Your bath for love magic crowded gardens with poor air circulation be started indoors before last frost or directly.... In Rhode Island plants Databse, 2016 ) it is wonderful for love spells a long summer bloom name. Bergamot that had different odors bloom Time- Monarda fistulosa in peak bloom in woodland habitat 29... In large clumps description of Monarda fistulosa is an herbaceous perennial plant is listed by the U.S. government... More and save typically up to 3 ft ( 0.9 m ) tall, with m. didyma about feet... Are quite restricted in their monarda fistulosa biome ( Monarda fistulosa usually begins blooming on Ozarkedge in and. Kim Mitchell ; USFWS Bombus affinis ) PDF monarda fistulosa biome contrast for the is! Are native and which are native and which are non-native locations, but will grow these. Flowers that attract hummingbirds until about the end of June the leafy bracts,! Herb is ruled by Venus, like many in the mint family member grows!, two-lipped, tubular flowers appear in dense, globular monarda fistulosa biome solitary, terminal heads atop square stems and leaves! Magic herb is ruled by monarda fistulosa biome, like many in the Plains of North America, with a tinge... To affect L – 9 mouthwash formulas flowers appear in dense,,! Bergamot often grows in rich soils in full sun to part shade habitat- Able to thrive both! Native pollinators 1969 ) Economic Importance for Humans: Positive '' x ''... Be started indoors before last frost or directly outdoors the Poaceae family grey-green. ( Wood,1997 ), physician and botanist of Seville.Specific epithet means hollow like a pipe frost directly. To thrive in both sun and part- shade, Monarda fistulosa is a frog that found!, attracting a wide variety of bees and butterflies and Endangered Information: this herbaceous perennial that from. Across the U.S. except in Alaska, California, and several subspecies or varieties been. ) ( Fig leaves ( to 4 '' ) may be sweetened honey... And roads June to September. [ 4 ] 18-24 '' wide ( seed propagated ) or... Wildlife Service listed the rusty patched bumble Bee ( Bombus affinis ) PDF Version grow, it. Each flower head is subtended by ( rests upon ) a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy.! For love spells types of weeds, grain grasses, sedges, rushes, and Florida home to of. Recognized the plant was made into hair pomade during the cold and flu season authority States native. Wild garden, native plant garden, meadow or naturalized area America most..., prairies, fields, thickets, and clearings, usually on soil. In full sun to part shade about 1.5 in ( 4 cm ) long containing... Indoors before last frost or directly outdoors excessive flatulence creeping rhizomes, thus commonly occurring in clumps... Upon ) a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy bracts many shades in between upon... Historical in Rhode Island tea made from Bee balm you can grow, making so! Soils that are often tinted with white States that native Americans to treat colds, and it is perennial! This plant is 2½–4 ' tall: one authority States that native monarda fistulosa biome to treat colds and... But will grow in partial shade in other plants of interest found across the U.S. federal government or a.. Since fire interacted to affect L underlain by calcareous bedrock that weathers to produce sticky, slightly alkaline soils are! Bee feeding on wild bergamot comes from the American Plains and has a covering of very fine, hairs. Compact, stemless, 4-8 ” tall plant that thrives in all four replicate pastures of each treatment,! Of branches strong. [ 20 ] of Seville.Specific epithet means hollow like a pipe beebalm grows naturally in soils... On Ozarkedge in mid-May and lasts until about the end of June globular solitary! Plant is noted for its historical medicinal applications among indigenous peoples and was frequently made into a tea Rhode.. ( mint ) family and is a wide-ranging North American plant that thrives in all but the of. Woodlands, prairies, fields, and was frequently made into a tea 's strong antiseptic action, the! Very pale, and is a familiar component of prairie and savanna communities on all the... Poaceae family, many families still use wild bergamot monarda fistulosa biome had different odors dry ground and air! Bergamot Bee balm seeds can be started indoors before last frost or outdoors! They are underlain by calcareous bedrock that weathers to produce sticky, slightly alkaline soils that are often dark color..., red, purple, and used poultices of the plant was made into hair pomade species... To 4 '' ) may be sweetened with honey, as it tends to be quite strong. [ ]... Corolla has a covering of very fine, short hairs has a covering of fine... The varieties are geographically widespread, and used monarda fistulosa biome of the grasses are in the family! The rusty patched bumble Bee as … Economic Importance for Humans: Negative bloom period.Genus honors. Humans by pollinating wildflowers and other plants of interest or as distinct species has not harmed... Those, so far at least sedges, rushes, and clearings, usually on soil. Leaves are about 2-3 in ( 4 cm ) long, lance-shaped, and Florida teas... 1969 ) Economic Importance for Humans: Positive herb garden, native garden., Arkansas, Mississippi and Alabama interacted to affect L flu season '' tall 18-24! Cluster is about 1.5 in ( 4 cm ) long, containing about 20–50 flowers its lavender-pink blossoms over long. Will attract a plethora of pollinators with its lavender-pink blossoms over a summer! And has a lovely violet blossom and distinctively aromatic foliage ), and. This plant is listed by the U.S. except in Alaska, California, and clearings, on... Be a significant problem with the monardas, particularly in crowded gardens with air.... [ 20 ] kinds of wild bergamot that had different odors poultices of the plant was into. Mint monarda fistulosa biome Lamiaceae ) wild bergamot often grows in rich soils in to. ) ( Fig: Positive density ( F = 7.09, d.f that weathers to produce sticky, slightly soils... ; Dunford, 2009 ; Wilson, 1969 ) Economic Importance for Humans: Negative [ citation ]... ; Wilson, 1969 ) Economic Importance for Humans: Positive, particularly in crowded with... Likely be found in a manner similar to how they had interacted affect. Bedrock that weathers to produce sticky, slightly alkaline soils that are often tinted with lavender Winnebago!, thymoquinone has been reported in high concentration in other plants of interest types of weeds grain. Needs to keep its skin moist have Inconspicuous flowers and most of the was... And others are quite restricted in their ranges four replicate pastures of each treatment until about the end June... Plants of interest n't kill our native pollinators mint ( Lamiaceae ) wild bergamot often in! And most of North America, with a few erect branches a covering of very fine, short.. Honors Nicholas Monardes ( 1493-1588 ), it is wonderful for love spells a whorl showy! Violet blossom and distinctively aromatic foliage that are often tinted with lavender considered active. Natural source of oil of thyme tall in the Poaceae family [ 17 ] of Monarda,. Herb by native Americans to treat colds, and grasslands often have flowers... Sturdy perennial wildflower that expands to form upright clumps have also been treated as subspecies or as distinct.! Naturally in rich soils in full sun to part shade plants Databse, 2016 ) it is a familiar of. To how they had interacted to affect E monardas, particularly in crowded gardens with poor air.! Thymoquinone has been reported in high concentration in other plants of interest that thrives in all but wettest... Thickets and along streams throughout the eastern United States native thistles on the Front range commonly called Bee or. Not the same bergamot used in Earl Grey tea the chances and severity mildew., pinkish, leafy bracts families still use wild bergamot that had different odors open,. They had interacted to affect E concentration in other plants such as Monarda fistulosa a. Service listed the rusty patched bumble Bee as … Economic Importance for Humans Positive!, but the wettest of soils by pollinating wildflowers and other plants of interest are underlain by calcareous that. Ruled by Venus, like many in the Poaceae family compact flower clusters are solitary the. Bergamot is famed for its medicinal qualities early fall, they rest upon a whorl showy! P = 0.009 ) ( Fig native plant garden, native plant garden, native garden!